We've put together a short presentation to illustrate the primary functions of a typical lowperma technology well. Click below to view.

A standard cross section of low perma well. Click below to view.

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LowPerma Technologies Overview

The innovative, patented, LowPerma technology is based on the following treatment steps:

1.Exerting adequate vacuum to extract groundwater from a desired extraction zone
2.Treating the groundwater via well-proven, in-situ remedial measures
3.Transferring the treated water to a desired injection zone, and
4.Applying adequate pressure to infuse treated groundwater back into the formation at the proper screen elevation
The technology is based on an innovative concept to enhance water flow into and out of the well.  The general idea is similar in approach to a typical piston pump with the well being the piston cylinder.  The LowPerma technology is designed to be installed in a four-inch well that consists of two separate screens at different elevations.  As shown in the attached figure, the lower screen is positioned near the bottom of the contaminated groundwater zone.  The upper screen is located near the water table or the desired injection zone.

As detailed in the attached figure, a main component inside the well is a moving shaft connected to a movable disk (disk 1), initially positioned at the top of the bottom screen.  A second fixed disk (disk 2) is located near the top of the upper screen.  The shaft can slide up and down freely through a hole in the fixed disk.  When disk 1 is pulled upward via the moving shaft, the space between the moving disk 1 and the fixed disk 2 is gradually reduced.

When the shaft is pulled up, high vacuum is created below disk 1 forcing water to flow through the lower screen from the formation into the well.  Simultaneously, as the space between disks 1 and 2 is reduced, high pressure is created at the water unit between disk 1 and disk 2, resulting in diffusing the water through the upper screen back into the formation.  The pressures and holding time can be controlled and altered to maximize efficiency.  When the shaft is released down, a check valve is opened to allow water transfer, and the process is repeated.

Water treatment occurs via continuous air sparging through the shaft from diffusing holes near the upper side of disk 1.  The air is continuously sparged to strip contaminants from the groundwater and to saturate the water unit with dissolved oxygen (DO).  A valve to allow vapor flow to the upper chamber (above disk 2) is installed in disk 2.  The valve is designed to permit vapor/gas and block water flow through disk 2.  Contaminant laden air will then be extracted via vacuum extraction applied near the top of the well. A pneumatic cylinder will facilitate movement of the shaft apparatus. 

The innovative idea incorporated in the LowPerma technology includes enhancement of groundwater flow into a lower screen (extraction screen) under high vacuum pressure, injection of treated groundwater through an upper screen (injection screen) under pressure.  Both actions are achieved in the same motion (stroke).

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